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Research Article

A Dominant Clone of Leptospira interrogans Associated with an Outbreak of Human Leptospirosis in Thailand

  • Janjira Thaipadungpanit,

    Affiliation: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

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  • Vanaporn Wuthiekanun,

    Affiliation: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

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  • Wirongrong Chierakul,

    Affiliation: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

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  • Lee D. Smythe,

    Affiliation: WHO/FAO/OIE Collaborating Centre for Reference & Research on Leptospirosis, Centre for Public Health Sciences, Queensland Health Scientific Services, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Wimol Petkanchanapong,

    Affiliation: National Institute of Health, Nonthaburi Province, Thailand

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  • Roongrueng Limpaiboon,

    Affiliation: Medical Department, Udon Thani General Hospital, Udon Thani, Thailand

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  • Apichat Apiwatanaporn,

    Affiliation: Medical Department, Udon Thani General Hospital, Udon Thani, Thailand

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  • Andrew T. Slack,

    Affiliation: WHO/FAO/OIE Collaborating Centre for Reference & Research on Leptospirosis, Centre for Public Health Sciences, Queensland Health Scientific Services, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Yupin Suputtamongkol,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

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  • Nicholas J. White,

    Affiliations: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Edward J. Feil,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, United Kingdom

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  • Nicholas P. J. Day,

    Affiliations: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Sharon J. Peacock mail

    sharon@tropmedres.ac

    Affiliations: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Published: October 31, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000056

About the Authors

Janjira Thaipadungpanit, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Wirongrong Chierakul, Nicholas J. White, Nicholas P. J. Day, Sharon J. Peacock
Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Lee D. Smythe, Andrew T. Slack
WHO/FAO/OIE Collaborating Centre for Reference & Research on Leptospirosis, Centre for Public Health Sciences, Queensland Health Scientific Services, Brisbane, Australia
Wimol Petkanchanapong
National Institute of Health, Nonthaburi Province, Thailand
Roongrueng Limpaiboon, Apichat Apiwatanaporn
Medical Department, Udon Thani General Hospital, Udon Thani, Thailand
Yupin Suputtamongkol
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Nicholas J. White, Nicholas P. J. Day, Sharon J. Peacock
Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
Edward J. Feil
Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: sharon@tropmedres.ac

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NW ND SP EF. Performed the experiments: JT. Analyzed the data: SP JT EF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LS VW WC WP RL AA AS YS EF. Wrote the paper: NW ND LS SP VW WC JT WP RL AA AS YS EF.