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Research Article

On the Origin of the Treponematoses: A Phylogenetic Approach

  • Kristin N. Harper mail,

    knharpe@emory.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Population Biology, Ecology, and Evolution, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Paolo S. Ocampo,

    Affiliation: School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Bret M. Steiner,

    Affiliation: Laboratory Reference and Research Branch, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention, NCHHSTP, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Robert W. George,

    Affiliation: Laboratory Reference and Research Branch, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention, NCHHSTP, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Michael S. Silverman,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Lakeridge Health Centre, Ontario, Canada

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  • Shelly Bolotin,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada

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  • Allan Pillay,

    Affiliation: Laboratory Reference and Research Branch, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention, NCHHSTP, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Nigel J. Saunders,

    Affiliation: Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • George J. Armelagos

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Published: January 15, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000148
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Kristin N. Harper
Department of Population Biology, Ecology, and Evolution, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Paolo S. Ocampo
School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Bret M. Steiner, Robert W. George, Allan Pillay
Laboratory Reference and Research Branch, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention, NCHHSTP, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Michael S. Silverman
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Michael S. Silverman
Lakeridge Health Centre, Ontario, Canada
Shelly Bolotin
Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada
Nigel J. Saunders
Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
George J. Armelagos
Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: knharpe@emory.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NS KH BS GA. Performed the experiments: KH BS RG. Analyzed the data: KH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KH BS RG MS SB AP GA. Wrote the paper: KH PO BS MS SB AP GA.