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Research Article

Distribution of Mycobacterium ulcerans in Buruli Ulcer Endemic and Non-Endemic Aquatic Sites in Ghana

  • Heather R. Williamson mail,

    hwillia8@utk.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Mark E. Benbow,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Khoa D. Nguyen,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Dia C. Beachboard,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Ryan K. Kimbirauskas,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Mollie D. McIntosh,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Charles Quaye,

    Affiliation: Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research, Legon, Accra, Ghana

    X
  • Edwin O. Ampadu,

    Affiliation: National Buruli ulcer Control Programme, Disease Control Unit - GHS, Accra, Ghana

    X
  • Daniel Boakye,

    Affiliation: Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research, Legon, Accra, Ghana

    X
  • Richard W. Merritt,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Pamela L. C. Small

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Published: March 26, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000205

About the Authors

Heather R. Williamson, Khoa D. Nguyen, Dia C. Beachboard, Pamela L. C. Small
Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America
Mark E. Benbow, Ryan K. Kimbirauskas, Mollie D. McIntosh, Richard W. Merritt
Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America
Charles Quaye, Daniel Boakye
Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research, Legon, Accra, Ghana
Edwin O. Ampadu
National Buruli ulcer Control Programme, Disease Control Unit - GHS, Accra, Ghana

Corresponding Author

Email: hwillia8@utk.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HW MB RK PS. Performed the experiments: HW MB KN DCB RK MM CQ. Analyzed the data: HW MB KN DCB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HW MB DB EA RM PS. Wrote the paper: HW MB RM PS.