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Research Article

Interactions between Natural Populations of Human and Rodent Schistosomes in the Lake Victoria Region of Kenya: A Molecular Epidemiological Approach

  • Michelle L. Steinauer mail,

    mls1@unm.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

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  • Ibrahim N. Mwangi,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Geoffrey M. Maina,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Joseph M. Kinuthia,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Martin W. Mutuku,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Eric L. Agola,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Ben Mungai,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Gerald M. Mkoji,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Eric S. Loker

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

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  • Published: April 16, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000222

About the Authors

Michelle L. Steinauer, Eric S. Loker
Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America
Ibrahim N. Mwangi, Geoffrey M. Maina, Joseph M. Kinuthia, Martin W. Mutuku, Eric L. Agola, Ben Mungai, Gerald M. Mkoji
Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

Corresponding Author

Email: mls1@unm.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MS GM EL. Performed the experiments: MS IM GM JK MM EA BM GM EL. Analyzed the data: MS IM GM JK MM EA BM GM EL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MS GM EL. Wrote the paper: MS EL.