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Research Article

Role of Secreted Conjunctival Mucosal Cytokine and Chemokine Proteins in Different Stages of Trachomatous Disease

  • Troy A. Skwor,

    Affiliation: Center for Immunobiology and Vaccine Development, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America

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  • Berna Atik,

    Affiliation: Center for Immunobiology and Vaccine Development, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America

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  • Raj Prasad Kandel,

    Affiliation: Lumbini Rana-Ambika Eye Hospital, Bhairahawa, Nepal

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  • Him Kant Adhikari,

    Affiliation: Lumbini Rana-Ambika Eye Hospital, Bhairahawa, Nepal

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  • Bassant Sharma,

    Affiliation: Lumbini Rana-Ambika Eye Hospital, Bhairahawa, Nepal

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  • Deborah Dean mail

    ddean@chori.org

    Affiliations: Center for Immunobiology and Vaccine Development, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America, Lumbini Rana-Ambika Eye Hospital, Bhairahawa, Nepal, Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, UCSF and UCB Joint Graduate Group in Bioengineering, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, and University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

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  • Published: July 16, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000264

About the Authors

Troy A. Skwor, Berna Atik, Deborah Dean
Center for Immunobiology and Vaccine Development, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America
Raj Prasad Kandel, Him Kant Adhikari, Bassant Sharma, Deborah Dean
Lumbini Rana-Ambika Eye Hospital, Bhairahawa, Nepal
Deborah Dean
Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Deborah Dean
UCSF and UCB Joint Graduate Group in Bioengineering, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, and University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: ddean@chori.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TAS DD. Performed the experiments: TAS DD. Analyzed the data: TAS BA DD. Wrote the paper: TAS DD. Clinical grading: RPK HKA BS DD.