Advertisement
Research Article

Population Genetics of Schistosoma japonicum within the Philippines Suggest High Levels of Transmission between Humans and Dogs

  • James W. Rudge mail,

    james.rudge01@imperial.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Hélène Carabin,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Health Sciences Center, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States of America

    X
  • Ernesto Balolong Jr,

    Affiliations: Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa, Philippines, Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines

    X
  • Veronica Tallo,

    Affiliation: Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa, Philippines

    X
  • Jaya Shrivastava,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Da-Bing Lu,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • María-Gloria Basáñez,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Remigio Olveda,

    Affiliation: Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa, Philippines

    X
  • Stephen T. McGarvey,

    Affiliation: International Health Institute, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

    X
  • Joanne P. Webster

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Published: November 25, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000340

About the Authors

James W. Rudge, Jaya Shrivastava, Da-Bing Lu, María-Gloria Basáñez, Joanne P. Webster
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Hélène Carabin
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Health Sciences Center, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States of America
Ernesto Balolong Jr, Veronica Tallo, Remigio Olveda
Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa, Philippines
Ernesto Balolong Jr
Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines
Stephen T. McGarvey
International Health Institute, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: james.rudge01@imperial.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HC RO STM JPW. Performed the experiments: JWR EB VT JS DBL. Analyzed the data: JWR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DBL. Wrote the paper: JWR HC MGB STM JPW.