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Research Article

Association of the Gene Polymorphisms IFN-γ +874, IL-13 −1055 and IL-4 −590 with Patterns of Reinfection with Schistosoma mansoni

  • Michael R. Gatlin,

    Affiliation: University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Carla L. Black,

    Affiliation: University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Pauline N. Mwinzi,

    Affiliation: Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya

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  • W. Evan Secor,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Diana M. Karanja,

    Affiliation: Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya

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  • Daniel G. Colley mail

    dcolley@uga.edu

    Affiliation: University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Published: February 10, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000375

About the Authors

Michael R. Gatlin, Carla L. Black, Daniel G. Colley
University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
Pauline N. Mwinzi, Diana M. Karanja
Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
W. Evan Secor
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: dcolley@uga.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MRG WES DMK DGC. Performed the experiments: MRG. Analyzed the data: MRG CLB DGC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PNM WES DMK DGC. Wrote the paper: MRG. Oraganized and implemented longitudinal field work: PNM DMK.