Advertisement
Research Article

Genetic Diversity of the Cestode Echinococcus multilocularis in Red Foxes at a Continental Scale in Europe

  • Jenny Knapp,

    Affiliations: Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, Department of Chrono-Environment, CNRS 6249, usc INRA, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

    X
  • Jean-Mathieu Bart,

    Affiliation: Department of Chrono-Environment, CNRS 6249, usc INRA, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

    X
  • Patrick Giraudoux,

    Affiliation: Department of Chrono-Environment, CNRS 6249, usc INRA, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

    X
  • Marie-Louise Glowatzki,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Research, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

    X
  • Isabelle Breyer,

    Affiliation: Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

    X
  • Francis Raoul,

    Affiliation: Department of Chrono-Environment, CNRS 6249, usc INRA, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

    X
  • Peter Deplazes,

    Affiliation: Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

    X
  • Georg Duscher,

    Affiliation: Institute for Parasitology and Zoology, Department for Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria

    X
  • Karel Martinek,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic

    X
  • Pavol Dubinsky,

    Affiliation: Parasitological Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice, Slovak Republic

    X
  • Marie-Hélène Guislain,

    Affiliation: 2C2A-CERFE, Boult-aux-Bois, France

    X
  • Florence Cliquet,

    Affiliation: AFSSA, Malzéville, France

    X
  • Thomas Romig,

    Affiliation: Institute of Zoology, University of Hohenheim, Hohenheim, Germany

    X
  • Andrzej Malczewski,

    Affiliation: Witold Stefanski Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland

    X
  • Bruno Gottstein equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Bruno Gottstein, Renaud Piarroux

    bruno.gottstein@ipa.unibe.ch

    Affiliation: Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

    X
  • Renaud Piarroux equal contributor

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Bruno Gottstein, Renaud Piarroux

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Hôpital la Timone, Marseille, France

    X
  • Published: June 09, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000452

About the Authors

Jenny Knapp, Isabelle Breyer, Bruno Gottstein
Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Jenny Knapp, Jean-Mathieu Bart, Patrick Giraudoux, Francis Raoul
Department of Chrono-Environment, CNRS 6249, usc INRA, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France
Marie-Louise Glowatzki
Department of Clinical Research, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Peter Deplazes
Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Georg Duscher
Institute for Parasitology and Zoology, Department for Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
Karel Martinek
Department of Biology, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic
Pavol Dubinsky
Parasitological Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice, Slovak Republic
Marie-Hélène Guislain
2C2A-CERFE, Boult-aux-Bois, France
Florence Cliquet
AFSSA, Malzéville, France
Thomas Romig
Institute of Zoology, University of Hohenheim, Hohenheim, Germany
Andrzej Malczewski
Witold Stefanski Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
Renaud Piarroux
Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Hôpital la Timone, Marseille, France

Corresponding Author

Email: bruno.gottstein@ipa.unibe.ch

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JK BG RP. Performed the experiments: JK JMB MLG. Analyzed the data: JK JMB PG MLG FR BG RP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MLG IB PD GD KM PD MHG FC TR AM. Wrote the paper: JK BG RP.