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Research Article

Regulatory T Cell Expansion in HTLV-1 and Strongyloidiasis Co-infection Is Associated with Reduced IL-5 Responses to Strongyloides stercoralis Antigen

  • Martin Montes mail,

    montes@bcm.edu

    Affiliations: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Cesar Sanchez,

    Affiliation: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

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  • Kristien Verdonck,

    Affiliations: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Jordan E. Lake,

    Affiliation: Virology Unit, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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  • Elsa Gonzalez,

    Affiliation: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

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  • Giovanni Lopez,

    Affiliation: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

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  • Angelica Terashima,

    Affiliation: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

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  • Thomas Nolan,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Dorothy E. Lewis,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathobiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Eduardo Gotuzzo,

    Affiliation: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

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  • A. Clinton White Jr

    Affiliation: Department of Pathobiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Published: June 09, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000456
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Martin Montes, Cesar Sanchez, Kristien Verdonck, Elsa Gonzalez, Giovanni Lopez, Angelica Terashima, Eduardo Gotuzzo
Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
Martin Montes, Kristien Verdonck
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America
Jordan E. Lake
Virology Unit, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
Thomas Nolan
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
Dorothy E. Lewis, A. Clinton White Jr
Department of Pathobiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: montes@bcm.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MM ACW. Performed the experiments: MM CS GL AT. Analyzed the data: MM CS KV JEL EG DEL ACW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AT TN DEL ACW. Wrote the paper: MM CS KV JEL EG GL TN DEL EG ACW.