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Research Article

Genetic Characterization of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus from Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru: Identification of a New Subtype ID Lineage

  • Patricia V. Aguilar,

    Affiliation: Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru

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  • A. Paige Adams,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology and Center for Tropical Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Victor Suárez,

    Affiliation: National Institute of Health, Lima, Peru

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  • Luis Beingolea,

    Affiliation: Office of Epidemiology, Lima, Peru

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  • Jorge Vargas,

    Affiliation: Centro de Enfermedades Tropicales, Santa Cruz, Bolivia

    X
  • Stephen Manock,

    Affiliation: Hospital Vozandes del Oriente, Shell, Ecuador

    X
  • Juan Freire,

    Affiliation: Hospital de la IV División de Amazonas, Puyo, Ecuador

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  • Willan R. Espinoza,

    Affiliation: Hospital de la IV División de Amazonas, Puyo, Ecuador

    X
  • Vidal Felices,

    Affiliation: Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru

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  • Ana Diaz,

    Affiliation: Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima, Peru

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  • Xiaodong Liang,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology and Center for Tropical Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Yelin Roca,

    Affiliation: Centro de Enfermedades Tropicales, Santa Cruz, Bolivia

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  • Scott C. Weaver,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology and Center for Tropical Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Tadeusz J. Kochel mail

    Tad.kochel@med.navy.mil

    Affiliation: Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru

    X
  • Published: September 15, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000514

About the Authors

Patricia V. Aguilar, Vidal Felices, Tadeusz J. Kochel
Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru
A. Paige Adams, Xiaodong Liang, Scott C. Weaver
Department of Pathology and Center for Tropical Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America
Victor Suárez
National Institute of Health, Lima, Peru
Luis Beingolea
Office of Epidemiology, Lima, Peru
Jorge Vargas, Yelin Roca
Centro de Enfermedades Tropicales, Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Stephen Manock
Hospital Vozandes del Oriente, Shell, Ecuador
Juan Freire, Willan R. Espinoza
Hospital de la IV División de Amazonas, Puyo, Ecuador
Ana Diaz
Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima, Peru

Corresponding Author

Email: Tad.kochel@med.navy.mil

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PVA APA VS LB JV SM SCW TJK. Performed the experiments: PVA APA VF AD XL. Analyzed the data: PVA APA LB JV VF SCW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: VS LB JV SM JF WRE YR SCW TJK. Wrote the paper: PVA APA SM SCW TJK.