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Research Article

Natural Infection of the Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus spp.) with Echinococcus granulosus in China

  • Yu Rong Yang,

    Affiliations: Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Tianxi Liu,

    Affiliation: The Health Department of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

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  • Xueli Bai,

    Affiliation: Ningxia Centre for Disease Control, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

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  • Belgees Boufana,

    Affiliation: Cestode Zoonoses Research Group, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute and School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, UK

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  • Philip S. Craig,

    Affiliation: Cestode Zoonoses Research Group, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute and School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, UK

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  • Minoru Nakao,

    Affiliation: Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan

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  • Akira Ito,

    Affiliation: Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan

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  • Jan Zhong Zhang,

    Affiliation: Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

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  • Patrick Giraudoux,

    Affiliation: Chrono-environment UMR UFC/CNRS 6249 USC INRA WHO Collaborating Centre for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcosis, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France

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  • Donald P. McManus mail

    donM@qimr.edu.au

    Affiliation: Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Published: September 22, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000518

About the Authors

Yu Rong Yang, Jan Zhong Zhang
Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China
Yu Rong Yang, Donald P. McManus
Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia
Yu Rong Yang
School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Tianxi Liu
The Health Department of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China
Xueli Bai
Ningxia Centre for Disease Control, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China
Belgees Boufana, Philip S. Craig
Cestode Zoonoses Research Group, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute and School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, UK
Minoru Nakao, Akira Ito
Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan
Patrick Giraudoux
Chrono-environment UMR UFC/CNRS 6249 USC INRA WHO Collaborating Centre for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcosis, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France

Corresponding Author

Email: donM@qimr.edu.au

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: YRY TL PSC AI PG DPM. Performed the experiments: YRY TL XB BB MN AI JZZ. Analyzed the data: YRY TL XB BB PSC MN AI JZZ PG DPM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MN JZZ. Wrote the paper: YRY BB PSC AI PG DPM.