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Research Article

Informal Urban Settlements and Cholera Risk in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  • Katherine Penrose mail,

    kpenrose@post.harvard.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Marcia Caldas de Castro,

    Affiliation: Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Japhet Werema,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Lands and Human Settlements Development, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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  • Edward T. Ryan

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Published: March 16, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000631

About the Authors

Katherine Penrose, Marcia Caldas de Castro
Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Japhet Werema
Ministry of Lands and Human Settlements Development, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Edward T. Ryan
Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Edward T. Ryan
Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Edward T. Ryan
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: kpenrose@post.harvard.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KP MCdC. Performed the experiments: KP. Analyzed the data: KP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MCdC JW ETR. Wrote the paper: KP MCdC JW ETR.