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Research Article

Delineation of Diverse Macrophage Activation Programs in Response to Intracellular Parasites and Cytokines

  • Shuyi Zhang,

    Affiliations: Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Sandler Center for Basic Research in Parasitic Diseases, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Charles C. Kim,

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Sajeev Batra,

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • James H. McKerrow,

    Affiliations: Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Sandler Center for Basic Research in Parasitic Diseases, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • P'ng Loke mail

    png.loke@nyumc.org

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Parasitology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • Published: March 30, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000648

About the Authors

Shuyi Zhang, James H. McKerrow
Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Shuyi Zhang, James H. McKerrow
Sandler Center for Basic Research in Parasitic Diseases, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Charles C. Kim, Sajeev Batra
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
P'ng Loke
Department of Medical Parasitology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: png.loke@nyumc.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SZ CCK PL. Performed the experiments: SZ. Analyzed the data: SZ CCK SB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JHM. Wrote the paper: SZ PL. Edited manuscript: CCK JHK.