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Research Article

The Importance of Drains for the Larval Development of Lymphatic Filariasis and Malaria Vectors in Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania

  • Marcia C. Castro mail,

    mcastro@hsph.harvard.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Shogo Kanamori,

    Affiliation: Department of International Community Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Khadija Kannady,

    Affiliation: City Medical Office of Health, Dar es Salaam City Council, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania

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  • Sigsbert Mkude,

    Affiliation: National Malaria Control Program, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania

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  • Gerry F. Killeen,

    Affiliations: Coordination Office, Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania, Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Ulrike Fillinger

    Affiliation: Disease Control and Vector Biology Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: May 25, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000693

About the Authors

Marcia C. Castro
Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Shogo Kanamori
Department of International Community Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Khadija Kannady
City Medical Office of Health, Dar es Salaam City Council, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania
Sigsbert Mkude
National Malaria Control Program, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania
Gerry F. Killeen
Coordination Office, Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania
Gerry F. Killeen
Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Ulrike Fillinger
Disease Control and Vector Biology Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: mcastro@hsph.harvard.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Planned and oversaw the drain survey, had the initial idea for this article, conducted all data analysis, and wrote the paper: MCC. Oversaw the implementation of EM activities: SK KK SM. Read and approved the final version of the paper: MCC KK SM GFK UF. Oversaw the implementation of EM activities. Read and approved the final version of the paper. Planned and oversaw the UMCP Larval Habitat Survey: KK GFK UF.