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Research Article

Analysis of Salmonella enterica Serotype Paratyphi A Gene Expression in the Blood of Bacteremic Patients in Bangladesh

  • Alaullah Sheikh equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Alaullah Sheikh, Richelle C. Charles

    alaullah@icddrb.org

    Affiliations: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Richelle C. Charles equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Alaullah Sheikh, Richelle C. Charles

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Sean M. Rollins,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Jason B. Harris,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Md. Saruar Bhuiyan,

    Affiliations: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Farhana Khanam,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Archana Bukka,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, United States of America

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  • Anuj Kalsy,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Steffen Porwollik,

    Affiliation: Vaccine Research Institute of San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • W. Abdullah Brooks,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Regina C. LaRocque,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Elizabeth L. Hohmann,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Alejandro Cravioto,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Tanya Logvinenko,

    Affiliation: Division of Biostatistics, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies (ICRHPS), Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Stephen B. Calderwood,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Michael McClelland,

    Affiliation: Vaccine Research Institute of San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • James E. Graham,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, United States of America

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  • Firdausi Qadri ,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh

    These authors also contributed equally to this work.

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  • Edward T. Ryan

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    These authors also contributed equally to this work.

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  • Published: December 07, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000908

About the Authors

Alaullah Sheikh, Md. Saruar Bhuiyan, Farhana Khanam, W. Abdullah Brooks, Alejandro Cravioto, Firdausi Qadri
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Alaullah Sheikh, Richelle C. Charles, Sean M. Rollins, Jason B. Harris, Md. Saruar Bhuiyan, Anuj Kalsy, Regina C. LaRocque, Elizabeth L. Hohmann, Stephen B. Calderwood, Edward T. Ryan
Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Richelle C. Charles, Jason B. Harris, Regina C. LaRocque, Edward T. Ryan
Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Archana Bukka, James E. Graham
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, United States of America
Steffen Porwollik, Michael McClelland
Vaccine Research Institute of San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America
Tanya Logvinenko
Division of Biostatistics, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies (ICRHPS), Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Stephen B. Calderwood
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Edward T. Ryan
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: alaullah@icddrb.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AS RCC SMR JBH MSB WAB RCL ELH AC TL SBC MM JEG FQ ETR. Performed the experiments: AS SMR MSB FK AB. Analyzed the data: AS RCC SMR JBH FK RCL TL SBC FQ ETR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AB AK SP WAB ELH AC MM JEG. Wrote the paper: AS RCC SMR JBH MSB FK AK SP WAB RCL ELH AC TL SBC MM JEG FQ ETR.