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Research Article

Sex, Subdivision, and Domestic Dispersal of Trypanosoma cruzi Lineage I in Southern Ecuador

  • Sofía Ocaña-Mayorga,

    Affiliation: Centro de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador

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  • Martin S. Llewellyn,

    Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kindom

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  • Jaime A. Costales,

    Affiliation: Centro de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador

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  • Michael A. Miles,

    Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kindom

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  • Mario J. Grijalva mail

    grijalva@ohio.edu

    Affiliations: Centro de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador, Biomedical Sciences Department, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Tropical Disease Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Published: December 14, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000915

About the Authors

Sofía Ocaña-Mayorga, Jaime A. Costales, Mario J. Grijalva
Centro de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
Martin S. Llewellyn, Michael A. Miles
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kindom
Mario J. Grijalva
Biomedical Sciences Department, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Tropical Disease Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: grijalva@ohio.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SOM MJG. Performed the experiments: SOM MSL MJG. Analyzed the data: SOM MSL JAC MJG. Wrote the paper: SOM MSL JAC MAM MJG.