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Research Article

Schistosoma mansoni Infections in Young Children: When Are Schistosome Antigens in Urine, Eggs in Stool and Antibodies to Eggs First Detectable?

  • J. Russell Stothard mail,

    r.stothard@nhm.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Wolfson Wellcome Biomedical Laboratories, Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

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  • Jose C. Sousa-Figuereido,

    Affiliations: Wolfson Wellcome Biomedical Laboratories, Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Martha Betson,

    Affiliation: Wolfson Wellcome Biomedical Laboratories, Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

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  • Moses Adriko,

    Affiliation: Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda

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  • Moses Arinaitwe,

    Affiliation: Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda

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  • Candia Rowell,

    Affiliation: Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda

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  • Fred Besiyge,

    Affiliation: Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda

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  • Narcis B. Kabatereine

    Affiliation: Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda

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  • Published: January 04, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000938

About the Authors

J. Russell Stothard, Jose C. Sousa-Figuereido, Martha Betson
Wolfson Wellcome Biomedical Laboratories, Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
Jose C. Sousa-Figuereido
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Moses Adriko, Moses Arinaitwe, Candia Rowell, Fred Besiyge, Narcis B. Kabatereine
Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda

Corresponding Author

Email: r.stothard@nhm.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: J. Stothard, J. Sousa-Figuereido, N. Kabatereine. Performed the experiments: J. Stothard, J. Sousa-Figuereido, M. Betson, M. Adriko, M. Arinaitwe, C. Rowell, F. Besiyge. Analyzed the data: J. Stothard, J. Sousa-Figuereido, M. Betson. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: J. Stothard, N. Kabatereine. Wrote the paper: J. Stothard, J. Sousa-Figuereido, M. Betson, M. Adriko, M. Arinaitwe, C. Rowell, F. Besiyge, N. Kabatereine.