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Research Article

A History of Chagas Disease Transmission, Control, and Re-Emergence in Peri-Rural La Joya, Peru

  • Stephen Delgado,

    Affiliations: School of Geography and Development, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • Ricardo Castillo Neyra,

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Víctor R. Quispe Machaca,

    Affiliation: Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

    X
  • Jenny Ancca Juárez,

    Affiliation: Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

    X
  • Lily Chou Chu,

    Affiliation: Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

    X
  • Manuela Renee Verastegui,

    Affiliation: Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

    X
  • Giovanna M. Moscoso Apaza,

    Affiliation: Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

    X
  • César D. Bocángel,

    Affiliation: Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

    X
  • Aaron W. Tustin,

    Affiliation: Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Charles R. Sterling,

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • Andrew C. Comrie,

    Affiliation: School of Geography and Development, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • César Náquira,

    Affiliation: Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

    X
  • Juan G. Cornejo del Carpio,

    Affiliation: Gerencia Regional de Salud de Arequipa, Arequipa, Peru

    X
  • Robert H. Gilman,

    Affiliations: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

    X
  • Caryn Bern,

    Affiliation: Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Michael Z. Levy mail

    mzlevy@mail.med.upenn.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Published: February 22, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000970

About the Authors

Stephen Delgado, Andrew C. Comrie
School of Geography and Development, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America
Stephen Delgado
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America
Ricardo Castillo Neyra, Robert H. Gilman
Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
Víctor R. Quispe Machaca, Jenny Ancca Juárez, Lily Chou Chu, Manuela Renee Verastegui, Giovanna M. Moscoso Apaza, César D. Bocángel, César Náquira, Robert H. Gilman
Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
Aaron W. Tustin
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America
Charles R. Sterling
Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America
Juan G. Cornejo del Carpio
Gerencia Regional de Salud de Arequipa, Arequipa, Peru
Caryn Bern
Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Michael Z. Levy
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: mzlevy@mail.med.upenn.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CN RHG CB MZL. Performed the experiments: RCN VRQM JAJ LCC MRV GMMA CDB. Analyzed the data: SD AWT MZL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SD RCN VRQM JAJ LCC MRV GMMA CDB AWT CRS ACC JGCdC MZL. Wrote the paper: SD CB MZL.