Advertisement
Research Article

Co-Administration of a Plasmid DNA Encoding IL-15 Improves Long-Term Protection of a Genetic Vaccine against Trypanosoma cruzi

  • Christopher S. Eickhoff equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Christopher S. Eickhoff, Jose R. Vasconcelos

    Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America

    X
  • Jose R. Vasconcelos equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Christopher S. Eickhoff, Jose R. Vasconcelos

    Affiliations: Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America, Centro de Terapia Celular e Molecular, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

    X
  • Nicole L. Sullivan,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Microbiology, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America

    X
  • Azra Blazevic,

    Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America

    X
  • Oscar Bruna-Romero,

    Affiliation: Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

    X
  • Mauricio M. Rodrigues,

    Affiliation: Centro de Terapia Celular e Molecular, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

    X
  • Daniel F. Hoft mail

    hoftdf@slu.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America, Department of Molecular Microbiology, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America

    X
  • Published: March 08, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000983

About the Authors

Christopher S. Eickhoff, Jose R. Vasconcelos, Azra Blazevic, Daniel F. Hoft
Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America
Jose R. Vasconcelos, Mauricio M. Rodrigues
Centro de Terapia Celular e Molecular, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Nicole L. Sullivan, Daniel F. Hoft
Department of Molecular Microbiology, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America
Oscar Bruna-Romero
Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Corresponding Author

Email: hoftdf@slu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CSE JRV MMR DFH. Performed the experiments: CSE JRV AB. Analyzed the data: CSE JRV DFH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NLS OBR MMR. Wrote the paper: CSE JRV DFH.