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Research Article

Protection against Diarrhea Associated with Giardia intestinalis Is Lost with Multi-Nutrient Supplementation: A Study in Tanzanian Children

  • Jacobien Veenemans,

    Affiliation: Cell Biology and Immunology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands

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  • Theo Mank,

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, Public Health Laboratory, Haarlem, The Netherlands

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  • Maarten Ottenhof,

    Affiliations: Cell Biology and Immunology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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  • Amrish Baidjoe,

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, Public Health Laboratory, Haarlem, The Netherlands

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  • Erasto V. Mbugi,

    Affiliation: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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  • Ayse Y. Demir,

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Clinical Chemistry and Haematology, Meander Medical Centre, Amersfoort, The Netherlands

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  • Jos P. M. Wielders,

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Clinical Chemistry and Haematology, Meander Medical Centre, Amersfoort, The Netherlands

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  • Huub F. J. Savelkoul,

    Affiliation: Cell Biology and Immunology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands

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  • Hans Verhoef mail

    hans.verhoef@wur.nl

    Affiliations: Cell Biology and Immunology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: June 07, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001158

About the Authors

Jacobien Veenemans, Maarten Ottenhof, Huub F. J. Savelkoul, Hans Verhoef
Cell Biology and Immunology Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Theo Mank, Amrish Baidjoe
Department of Parasitology, Public Health Laboratory, Haarlem, The Netherlands
Maarten Ottenhof, Erasto V. Mbugi
Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Ayse Y. Demir, Jos P. M. Wielders
Laboratory for Clinical Chemistry and Haematology, Meander Medical Centre, Amersfoort, The Netherlands
Hans Verhoef
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: hans.verhoef@wur.nl

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HV JV. Performed the experiments: JV HV MO AB EVM. Analyzed the data: JV HV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TM AYD JPMW HFJS. Wrote the paper: JV HV.