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Research Article

Laboratory Confirmation of Buruli Ulcer Disease in Togo, 2007–2010

  • Gisela Bretzel mail,

    bretzel@lrz.uni-muenchen.de

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine (DITM), University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians University (LMU), Munich, Germany

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  • Kristina Lydia Huber,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine (DITM), University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians University (LMU), Munich, Germany

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  • Basil Kobara,

    Affiliation: Programme National de Lutte contre L'Ulcère de Buruli – Lèpre et Pian (PNLUB-LP), Lomé, Togo

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  • Marcus Beissner,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine (DITM), University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians University (LMU), Munich, Germany

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  • Ebekalisai Piten,

    Affiliation: Centre Hospitalier Régionale Tsévié (CHR), Tsévié, Togo

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  • Karl-Heinz Herbinger,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine (DITM), University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians University (LMU), Munich, Germany

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  • Franz Xaver Wiedemann,

    Affiliation: German Leprosy and Tuberculosis Relief Association (DAHW), Togo Office, Lomé, Togo

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  • Komi Amekuse,

    Affiliation: German Leprosy and Tuberculosis Relief Association (DAHW), Togo Office, Lomé, Togo

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  • Abiba Banla Kere,

    Affiliation: Institut National d'Hygiène (INH), Lomé, Togo

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  • Kerstin Helfrich,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine (DITM), University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians University (LMU), Munich, Germany

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  • Erna Fleischmann,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine (DITM), University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians University (LMU), Munich, Germany

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  • Thomas Löscher,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine (DITM), University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians University (LMU), Munich, Germany

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  • Adolf Diefenhardt,

    Affiliation: German Leprosy and Tuberculosis Relief Association (DAHW), Würzburg, Germany

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  • Jörg Nitschke

    Affiliation: German Leprosy and Tuberculosis Relief Association (DAHW), Würzburg, Germany

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  • Published: July 19, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001228

About the Authors

Gisela Bretzel, Kristina Lydia Huber, Marcus Beissner, Karl-Heinz Herbinger, Kerstin Helfrich, Erna Fleischmann, Thomas Löscher
Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine (DITM), University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians University (LMU), Munich, Germany
Adolf Diefenhardt, Jörg Nitschke
German Leprosy and Tuberculosis Relief Association (DAHW), Würzburg, Germany
Ebekalisai Piten
Centre Hospitalier Régionale Tsévié (CHR), Tsévié, Togo
Franz Xaver Wiedemann, Komi Amekuse
German Leprosy and Tuberculosis Relief Association (DAHW), Togo Office, Lomé, Togo
Abiba Banla Kere
Institut National d'Hygiène (INH), Lomé, Togo
Basil Kobara
Programme National de Lutte contre L'Ulcère de Buruli – Lèpre et Pian (PNLUB-LP), Lomé, Togo

Corresponding Author

Email: bretzel@lrz.uni-muenchen.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GB KLH BK MB FXW AD TL JN. Performed the experiments: KLH EP KH EF JN. Analyzed the data: GB KLH MB EP K-HH KA AB-K KH JN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GB KB K-HH FXW AB-K AD TL. Wrote the paper: GB KLH MB K-HH JN. Planning and realization of training workshops for CLTs and health staff in Togo: GB KLH BK EP FXW KA AB-K AD JN. Planning and realization of outreach activities for case finding in Togo: KLH BK EP FXW KA AB-K AD JN. Critical review of manuscript: K-HH TL.