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Research Article

Multilocus Genotyping of Human Giardia Isolates Suggests Limited Zoonotic Transmission and Association between Assemblage B and Flatulence in Children

  • Marianne Lebbad,

    Affiliations: Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden, Microbiology and Tumor Biology Centre, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Ingvor Petersson,

    Affiliation: Department of Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Lillemor Karlsson,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Silvia Botero-Kleiven,

    Affiliation: Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden

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  • Jan O. Andersson,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Bo Svenungsson,

    Affiliation: Department of Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Staffan G. Svärd mail

    Staffan.svard@icm.uu.se

    Affiliations: Microbiology and Tumor Biology Centre, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Published: August 02, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001262

About the Authors

Marianne Lebbad, Silvia Botero-Kleiven
Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden
Marianne Lebbad, Staffan G. Svärd
Microbiology and Tumor Biology Centre, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Ingvor Petersson, Bo Svenungsson
Department of Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden
Lillemor Karlsson
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Jan O. Andersson
Department of Molecular Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Staffan G. Svärd
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Corresponding Author

Email: Staffan.svard@icm.uu.se

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ML JOA BS SB-K SGS. Performed the experiments: ML IP LK JOA. Analyzed the data: ML IP SB-K JOA BS SGS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ML LK IP JOA BS. Wrote the paper: ML JOA BS SGS.