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Research Article

Cryptic Diversity within the Major Trypanosomiasis Vector Glossina fuscipes Revealed by Molecular Markers

  • Naomi A. Dyer equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Naomi A. Dyer, Sophie Ravel

    Affiliation: Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Sophie Ravel equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Naomi A. Dyer, Sophie Ravel

    Affiliation: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR 177 IRD-CIRAD, LRCT Campus International de Baillarguet, Montpellier, France

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  • Kwang-Shik Choi,

    Affiliation: Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Alistair C. Darby,

    Affiliation: School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Sandrine Causse,

    Affiliation: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR 177 IRD-CIRAD, LRCT Campus International de Baillarguet, Montpellier, France

    X
  • Berisha Kapitano,

    Affiliation: Southern Rift Valley of Ethiopia Tsetse Eradication Project, Hawassa, Ethiopia

    X
  • Martin J. R. Hall,

    Affiliation: Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

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  • Keith Steen,

    Affiliation: Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Pascal Lutumba,

    Affiliation: Department of Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine, Kinshasa University, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

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  • Joules Madinga,

    Affiliation: Department of Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine, Kinshasa University, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

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  • Steve J. Torr,

    Affiliation: Agriculture, Health and Environment Group, National Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, United Kingdom

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  • Loyce M. Okedi,

    Affiliation: National Livestock Resources Research Institute, Tororo, Uganda

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  • Michael J. Lehane,

    Affiliation: Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Martin J. Donnelly mail

    m.j.donnelly@liv.ac.uk

    Affiliations: Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Department of Microbiology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

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  • Published: August 09, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001266

About the Authors

Naomi A. Dyer, Kwang-Shik Choi, Keith Steen, Michael J. Lehane, Martin J. Donnelly
Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Sophie Ravel, Sandrine Causse
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR 177 IRD-CIRAD, LRCT Campus International de Baillarguet, Montpellier, France
Alistair C. Darby
School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Berisha Kapitano
Southern Rift Valley of Ethiopia Tsetse Eradication Project, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Martin J. R. Hall
Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
Pascal Lutumba, Joules Madinga
Department of Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine, Kinshasa University, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
Steve J. Torr
Agriculture, Health and Environment Group, National Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, United Kingdom
Loyce M. Okedi
National Livestock Resources Research Institute, Tororo, Uganda
Martin J. Donnelly
Department of Microbiology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: m.j.donnelly@liv.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NAD SR MJD. Performed the experiments: NAR SR KSC ACD SC MJRH KS. Analyzed the data: NAD SR MJD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BK PL JM ST LMO MJL. Wrote the manuscript: NAD SR MJD.