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Research Article

Cytokine and Protein Markers of Leprosy Reactions in Skin and Nerves: Baseline Results for the North Indian INFIR Cohort

  • Diana N. J. Lockwood mail,

    Diana.Lockwood@lshtm.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Lavanya Suneetha,

    Affiliation: Blue Peter Research Centre, LEPRA India, Hyderabad, India

    Current address: Nireekshana – ACET, Hyderabad, India

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  • Karuna Devi Sagili,

    Affiliation: Blue Peter Research Centre, LEPRA India, Hyderabad, India

    Current address: Nireekshana – ACET, Hyderabad, India

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  • Meher Vani Chaduvula,

    Affiliations: Blue Peter Research Centre, LEPRA India, Hyderabad, India, Institute of Pathology, Safdarjung Campus Hospital, New Delhi, India

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  • Ismail Mohammed,

    Affiliation: Blue Peter Research Centre, LEPRA India, Hyderabad, India

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  • Wim van Brakel,

    Affiliation: Royal Tropical Institute, Leprosy Unit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • W. C. Smith,

    Affiliation: School of Public Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

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  • Peter Nicholls,

    Affiliation: School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

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  • Sujai Suneetha

    Affiliation: Blue Peter Research Centre, LEPRA India, Hyderabad, India

    Current address: Nireekshana – ACET, Hyderabad, India

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  • Published: December 13, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001327

About the Authors

Diana N. J. Lockwood
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Lavanya Suneetha, Karuna Devi Sagili, Meher Vani Chaduvula, Ismail Mohammed, Sujai Suneetha
Blue Peter Research Centre, LEPRA India, Hyderabad, India
Meher Vani Chaduvula
Institute of Pathology, Safdarjung Campus Hospital, New Delhi, India
Wim van Brakel
Royal Tropical Institute, Leprosy Unit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
W. C. Smith
School of Public Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Peter Nicholls
School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: Diana.Lockwood@lshtm.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DNJL WvB SS. Performed the experiments: LS KDS MVC IM. Analyzed the data: DNJL LS KDS MVC WvB PN SS. Wrote the paper: DNJL. Reported on immunohistochemistry: LS KDS MVC SS. Discussed and contributed to the manuscript: LS KDS WvB PN SS WCS.