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Research Article

Distribution and Molecular Evolution of Bacillus anthracis Genotypes in Namibia

  • Wolfgang Beyer mail,

    wolfgang.beyer@uni-hohenheim.de

    Affiliation: University of Hohenheim, Institute of Environmental and Animal Hygiene, Stuttgart, Germany

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  • Steve Bellan,

    Affiliation: Department Environmental Science Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

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  • Gisela Eberle,

    Affiliation: Central Veterinary Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, Windhoek, Namibia

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  • Holly H. Ganz,

    Affiliation: Department Environmental Science Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

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  • Wayne M. Getz,

    Affiliations: Department Environmental Science Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America, School of Mathematical Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

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  • Renate Haumacher,

    Affiliation: University of Hohenheim, Institute of Environmental and Animal Hygiene, Stuttgart, Germany

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  • Karen A. Hilss,

    Affiliation: University of Hohenheim, Institute of Environmental and Animal Hygiene, Stuttgart, Germany

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  • Werner Kilian,

    Affiliation: Etosha Ecological Institute, Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Okaukuejo, Namibia

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  • Judith Lazak,

    Affiliation: University of Hohenheim, Institute of Environmental and Animal Hygiene, Stuttgart, Germany

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  • Wendy C. Turner,

    Affiliation: Department Environmental Science Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

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  • Peter C. B. Turnbull

    Affiliation: Salisbury, United Kingdom

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  • Published: March 06, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001534

About the Authors

Wolfgang Beyer, Renate Haumacher, Karen A. Hilss, Judith Lazak
University of Hohenheim, Institute of Environmental and Animal Hygiene, Stuttgart, Germany
Steve Bellan, Holly H. Ganz, Wayne M. Getz, Wendy C. Turner
Department Environmental Science Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America
Gisela Eberle
Central Veterinary Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, Windhoek, Namibia
Wayne M. Getz
School of Mathematical Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Werner Kilian
Etosha Ecological Institute, Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Okaukuejo, Namibia
Peter C. B. Turnbull
Salisbury, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: wolfgang.beyer@uni-hohenheim.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WB GE WK JL PCBT. Performed the experiments: WB GE RH KAH JL PCBT. Analyzed the data: WB SB HHG WMG RH KAH JL WCT PCBT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: WB SB GE HHG WMG RH KAH WK JL WCT PCBT. Wrote the paper: WB SB HHG WMG WCT PCBT.