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Research Article

High Seroprevalence of Rift Valley Fever and Evidence for Endemic Circulation in Mbeya Region, Tanzania, in a Cross-Sectional Study

  • Norbert Heinrich equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Norbert Heinrich, Elmar Saathoff

    heinrich@lrz.uni-muenchen.de

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), University of Munich, Munich, Germany

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  • Elmar Saathoff equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Norbert Heinrich, Elmar Saathoff

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), University of Munich, Munich, Germany

    X
  • Nina Weller,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), University of Munich, Munich, Germany

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  • Petra Clowes,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), University of Munich, Munich, Germany, NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Programme, Mbeya, Tanzania

    X
  • Inge Kroidl,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), University of Munich, Munich, Germany, NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Programme, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Elias Ntinginya,

    Affiliation: NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Programme, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Harun Machibya,

    Affiliation: Mbeya Regional Medical Office, Ministry of Health, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Leonard Maboko,

    Affiliation: NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Programme, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Thomas Löscher,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), University of Munich, Munich, Germany

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  • Gerhard Dobler,

    Affiliation: Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany

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  • Michael Hoelscher

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), University of Munich, Munich, Germany, NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Programme, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Published: March 27, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001557

About the Authors

Norbert Heinrich, Elmar Saathoff, Nina Weller, Petra Clowes, Inge Kroidl, Thomas Löscher, Michael Hoelscher
Division of Infectious Diseases, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Norbert Heinrich, Elmar Saathoff, Nina Weller, Petra Clowes, Inge Kroidl, Thomas Löscher, Michael Hoelscher
German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Petra Clowes, Inge Kroidl, Elias Ntinginya, Leonard Maboko, Michael Hoelscher
NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Programme, Mbeya, Tanzania
Harun Machibya
Mbeya Regional Medical Office, Ministry of Health, Mbeya, Tanzania
Gerhard Dobler
Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: heinrich@lrz.uni-muenchen.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NH ES PC TL GD MH. Performed the experiments: NW PC IK GD. Analyzed the data: NH ES NW GD MH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ES PC EN HM LM. Wrote the paper: NH ES GD PC. Acquisition of funding: MH NH. Supervision of acquisition of data: NH ES PC EN HM LM GD.