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Research Article

Glycotope Sharing between Snail Hemolymph and Larval Schistosomes: Larval Transformation Products Alter Shared Glycan Patterns of Plasma Proteins

  • Timothy P. Yoshino mail,

    yoshinot@svm.vetmed.wisc.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • Xiao-Jun Wu,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • Hongdi Liu,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • Laura A. Gonzalez,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • André M. Deelder,

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Cornelis H. Hokke

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Published: March 20, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001569

About the Authors

Timothy P. Yoshino, Xiao-Jun Wu, Hongdi Liu, Laura A. Gonzalez
Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
André M. Deelder, Cornelis H. Hokke
Department of Parasitology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Email: yoshinot@svm.vetmed.wisc.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TPY X-JW CHH. Performed the experiments: X-JW HL LAG. Analyzed the data: TPY X-JW AMD CHH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AMD CHH. Wrote the paper: TPY. Reviewed/revised manuscript: LAG X-JW CHH AMD. Prepared figures: X-JW LAG. Financial support: TPY.