Advertisement
Research Article

Extensive Genetic Diversity, Unique Population Structure and Evidence of Genetic Exchange in the Sexually Transmitted Parasite Trichomonas vaginalis

  • Melissa D. Conrad,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, New York University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Andrew W. Gorman,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, New York University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Julia A. Schillinger,

    Affiliations: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Bureau of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Control, New York, New York, United States of America, Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Pier Luigi Fiori,

    Affiliation: Division of Microbiology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

    X
  • Rossana Arroyo,

    Affiliation: Departamento de Infectómica y Patogénesis Molecular, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV-IPN), Mexico City, Mexico

    X
  • Nancy Malla,

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

    X
  • Mohan Lal Dubey,

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

    X
  • Jorge Gonzalez,

    Affiliation: Molecular Parasitology Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile

    X
  • Susan Blank,

    Affiliations: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Bureau of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Control, New York, New York, United States of America, Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • William E. Secor,

    Affiliation: Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Jane M. Carlton mail

    Jane.Carlton@nyu.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, New York University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Published: March 27, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001573

About the Authors

Melissa D. Conrad, Andrew W. Gorman, Jane M. Carlton
Department of Biology, Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, New York University, New York, New York, United States of America
Julia A. Schillinger, Susan Blank
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Bureau of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Control, New York, New York, United States of America
Julia A. Schillinger, Susan Blank
Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Pier Luigi Fiori
Division of Microbiology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
Rossana Arroyo
Departamento de Infectómica y Patogénesis Molecular, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV-IPN), Mexico City, Mexico
Nancy Malla, Mohan Lal Dubey
Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Jorge Gonzalez
Molecular Parasitology Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile
William E. Secor
Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: Jane.Carlton@nyu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MDC AWG JMC. Performed the experiments: MDC AWG. Analyzed the data: MDC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JAS PLF RA NM MLD JG SB WES. Wrote the paper: MDC JMC.