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Research Article

Incrimination of Phlebotomus kandelakii and Phlebotomus balcanicus as Vectors of Leishmania infantum in Tbilisi, Georgia

  • Ekaterina Giorgobiani equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Ekaterina Giorgobiani, Phillip G. Lawyer

    egiorgobiani@yahoo.com (EG); skamhawi@niaid.nih.gov (SK)

    Affiliation: National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Phillip G. Lawyer equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Ekaterina Giorgobiani, Phillip G. Lawyer

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Giorgi Babuadze,

    Affiliation: National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Nato Dolidze,

    Affiliation: National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Ryan C. Jochim,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Lamzira Tskhvaradze,

    Affiliation: National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Konstantin Kikaleishvili,

    Affiliation: National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Shaden Kamhawi mail

    egiorgobiani@yahoo.com (EG); skamhawi@niaid.nih.gov (SK)

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Published: April 03, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001609

About the Authors

Ekaterina Giorgobiani, Giorgi Babuadze, Nato Dolidze, Lamzira Tskhvaradze, Konstantin Kikaleishvili
National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia
Phillip G. Lawyer
Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
Ryan C. Jochim, Shaden Kamhawi
Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EG PGL SK. Performed the experiments: EG PGL GB ND RCJ LT KK SK. Analyzed the data: EG PGL RCJ SK. Wrote the paper: EG PGL RCJ SK.