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Research Article

Regulatory T Cells in Human Lymphatic Filariasis: Stronger Functional Activity in Microfilaremics

  • Linda J. Wammes mail,

    l.j.wammes@lumc.nl (LJW); m.yazdanbakhsh@lumc.nl (MY)

    Affiliations: Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, Department of Parasitology, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Firdaus Hamid,

    Affiliations: Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, Department of Microbiology, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

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  • Aprilianto E. Wiria,

    Affiliations: Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, Department of Parasitology, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Heri Wibowo,

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Erliyani Sartono,

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Rick M. Maizels,

    Affiliation: Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Hermelijn H. Smits,

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Taniawati Supali,

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Maria Yazdanbakhsh mail

    l.j.wammes@lumc.nl (LJW); m.yazdanbakhsh@lumc.nl (MY)

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Published: May 29, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001655

About the Authors

Linda J. Wammes, Firdaus Hamid, Aprilianto E. Wiria, Erliyani Sartono, Hermelijn H. Smits, Maria Yazdanbakhsh
Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
Linda J. Wammes, Aprilianto E. Wiria, Heri Wibowo, Taniawati Supali
Department of Parasitology, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Firdaus Hamid
Department of Microbiology, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Rick M. Maizels
Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MY TS RMM ES HW. Performed the experiments: LJW FH AEW. Analyzed the data: LJW HHS. Wrote the paper: LJW. Patient enrollment: HW AEW FH LJW. Review of paper: RMM HHS TS MY.