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Research Article

High Prevalence of Giardia duodenalis Assemblage B Infection and Association with Underweight in Rwandan Children

  • Ralf Ignatius equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Ralf Ignatius, Jean Bosco Gahutu

    Affiliation: Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité – University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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  • Jean Bosco Gahutu equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Ralf Ignatius, Jean Bosco Gahutu

    Affiliation: University Teaching Hospital of Butare, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Rwanda, Butare, Rwanda

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  • Christian Klotz,

    Affiliation: Robert Koch-Institute, Department of Mycology and Parasitology, Berlin, Germany

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  • Christian Steininger,

    Affiliation: Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité – University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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  • Cyprien Shyirambere,

    Affiliation: University Teaching Hospital of Butare, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Rwanda, Butare, Rwanda

    X
  • Michel Lyng,

    Affiliation: Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité – University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany

    X
  • Andre Musemakweri,

    Affiliation: University Teaching Hospital of Butare, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Rwanda, Butare, Rwanda

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  • Toni Aebischer,

    Affiliation: Robert Koch-Institute, Department of Mycology and Parasitology, Berlin, Germany

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  • Peter Martus,

    Affiliation: Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Applied Biometry, Eberhard Karls University, Tübingen, Germany

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  • Gundel Harms,

    Affiliation: Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité – University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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  • Frank P. Mockenhaupt mail

    frank.mockenhaupt@charite.de

    Affiliation: Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité – University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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  • Published: June 12, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001677

About the Authors

Ralf Ignatius, Christian Steininger, Michel Lyng, Gundel Harms, Frank P. Mockenhaupt
Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité – University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Jean Bosco Gahutu, Cyprien Shyirambere, Andre Musemakweri
University Teaching Hospital of Butare, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Rwanda, Butare, Rwanda
Christian Klotz, Toni Aebischer
Robert Koch-Institute, Department of Mycology and Parasitology, Berlin, Germany
Peter Martus
Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Applied Biometry, Eberhard Karls University, Tübingen, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: frank.mockenhaupt@charite.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JBG FPM AM GH. Performed the experiments: JBG RI C. Steininger C. Shyirambere ML FPM CK TA. Analyzed the data: PM RI JBG CK C. Steininger C. Shyirambere ML AM TA GH FPM. Wrote the paper: RI JBG CK C. Steininger C. Shyirambere ML AM TA PM GH FPM.