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Research Article

Detection of Giardia duodenalis Assemblages A and B in Human Feces by Simple, Assemblage-Specific PCR Assays

  • Ilaria Vanni,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Simone Mario Cacciò,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Lindy van Lith,

    Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

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  • Marianne Lebbad,

    Affiliation: Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control (SMI), Solna, Sweden

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  • Staffan G. Svärd,

    Affiliation: Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Edoardo Pozio,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Fabio Tosini mail

    fabio.tosini@iss.it

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Published: August 28, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001776

About the Authors

Ilaria Vanni, Simone Mario Cacciò, Edoardo Pozio, Fabio Tosini
Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy
Lindy van Lith
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Marianne Lebbad
Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control (SMI), Solna, Sweden
Staffan G. Svärd
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Corresponding Author

Email: fabio.tosini@iss.it

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: IV SC FT. Performed the experiments: IV SC LVL FT. Analyzed the data: IV SC LVL ML SGS EP FT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SC ML SGS EP. Wrote the paper: IV SC FT.