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Research Article

Common Coinfections of Giardia intestinalis and Helicobacter pylori in Non-Symptomatic Ugandan Children

  • Johan Ankarklev,

    Affiliation: Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Elin Hestvik,

    Affiliation: Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway

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  • Marianne Lebbad,

    Affiliation: Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden

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  • Johan Lindh,

    Affiliation: Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden

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  • Deogratias H. Kaddu-Mulindwa,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

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  • Jan O. Andersson,

    Affiliation: Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Thorkild Tylleskär,

    Affiliation: Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway

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  • James K. Tumwine,

    Affiliation: Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

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  • Staffan G. Svärd mail

    staffan.svard@icm.uu.se

    Affiliation: Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Published: August 28, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001780

About the Authors

Johan Ankarklev, Jan O. Andersson, Staffan G. Svärd
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Elin Hestvik, Thorkild Tylleskär
Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Marianne Lebbad, Johan Lindh
Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden
Deogratias H. Kaddu-Mulindwa
Department of Microbiology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
James K. Tumwine
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Corresponding Author

Email: staffan.svard@icm.uu.se

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EH TT JKT DHKM ML JA JOA SGS. Performed the experiments: JA ML JOA. Analyzed the data: JA ML JOA JL SGS EH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JA ML JOA EH TT. Wrote the paper: JA ML JOA JL SGS EH. Read and approved the final manuscript: JA EH ML JL DHKM JOA TT JKT SGS.