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Research Article

Molecular Surveillance of Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi by Genotyping and Subtyping Parasites in Wastewater

  • Na Li,

    Affiliations: State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Lihua Xiao mail,

    lxiao@cdc.gov (LX); yyfeng@ecust.edu.cn (YF)

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Lin Wang,

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

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  • Shuming Zhao,

    Affiliation: Department of Blood Transfusion, Southwest Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China

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  • Xukun Zhao,

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

    X
  • Liping Duan,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Meijin Guo,

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

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  • Lili Liu,

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

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  • Yaoyu Feng mail

    lxiao@cdc.gov (LX); yyfeng@ecust.edu.cn (YF)

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

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  • Published: September 06, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001809

About the Authors

Na Li, Lin Wang, Xukun Zhao, Meijin Guo, Lili Liu, Yaoyu Feng
State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
Na Li, Lihua Xiao, Liping Duan
Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Shuming Zhao
Department of Blood Transfusion, Southwest Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LX YF. Performed the experiments: NL LW XZ LD MG. Analyzed the data: NL LW LL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SZ LL. Wrote the paper: NL LX YF.