Advertisement
Research Article

Dynamics of West Nile Virus Persistence in House Sparrows (Passer domesticus)

  • Sarah S. Wheeler,

    Affiliation: Center for Vectorborne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

    X
  • Meighan P. Vineyard,

    Affiliation: Center for Vectorborne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

    X
  • Leslie W. Woods,

    Affiliation: California Animal Health and Food Safety, Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

    X
  • William K. Reisen mail

    wkreisen@ucdavis.edu

    Affiliation: Center for Vectorborne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

    X
  • Published: October 04, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001860

About the Authors

Sarah S. Wheeler, Meighan P. Vineyard, William K. Reisen
Center for Vectorborne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
Leslie W. Woods
California Animal Health and Food Safety, Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: wkreisen@ucdavis.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SSW WKR. Performed the experiments: SSW MPV. Analyzed the data: SSW WKR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LWW. Wrote the paper: SSW WKR LWW.