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Research Article

Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus Activity in the Gulf Coast Region of Mexico, 2003–2010

  • A. Paige Adams mail,

    apadams@utmb.edu

    Affiliation: Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, Center for Tropical Diseases, and Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Roberto Navarro-Lopez,

    Affiliation: Comisión México-Estados Unidos para la Prevención de la Fiebre Aftosa y Otras Enfermedades Exóticas de los Animales (CPA), Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA), Tuxtla Gutierrez, México

    X
  • Francisco J. Ramirez-Aguilar,

    Affiliation: Laboratorio de Enfermedades Emergentes y Zoonóticas, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas - Campus IV, Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas, Tapachula, Chiapas, México

    X
  • Irene Lopez-Gonzalez,

    Affiliation: Comisión México-Estados Unidos para la Prevención de la Fiebre Aftosa y Otras Enfermedades Exóticas de los Animales (CPA), Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA), Tuxtla Gutierrez, México

    X
  • Grace Leal,

    Affiliation: Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, Center for Tropical Diseases, and Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Jose M. Flores-Mayorga,

    Affiliation: Comisión México-Estados Unidos para la Prevención de la Fiebre Aftosa y Otras Enfermedades Exóticas de los Animales (CPA), Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA), Tuxtla Gutierrez, México

    X
  • Amelia P. A. Travassos da Rosa,

    Affiliation: Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, Center for Tropical Diseases, and Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Kali D. Saxton-Shaw,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

    X
  • Amber J. Singh,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

    X
  • Erin M. Borland,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

    X
  • Ann M. Powers,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

    X
  • Robert B. Tesh,

    Affiliation: Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, Center for Tropical Diseases, and Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Scott C. Weaver,

    Affiliation: Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, Center for Tropical Diseases, and Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Jose G. Estrada-Franco

    Affiliation: Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados en Salud Animal, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca, México

    X
  • Published: November 01, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001875

About the Authors

A. Paige Adams, Grace Leal, Amelia P. A. Travassos da Rosa, Robert B. Tesh, Scott C. Weaver
Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, Center for Tropical Diseases, and Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America
Roberto Navarro-Lopez, Irene Lopez-Gonzalez, Jose M. Flores-Mayorga
Comisión México-Estados Unidos para la Prevención de la Fiebre Aftosa y Otras Enfermedades Exóticas de los Animales (CPA), Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA), Tuxtla Gutierrez, México
Francisco J. Ramirez-Aguilar
Laboratorio de Enfermedades Emergentes y Zoonóticas, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas - Campus IV, Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas, Tapachula, Chiapas, México
Kali D. Saxton-Shaw, Amber J. Singh, Erin M. Borland, Ann M. Powers
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
Jose G. Estrada-Franco
Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados en Salud Animal, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca, México

Corresponding Author

Email: apadams@utmb.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JGEF SCW. Performed the experiments: APA RNL FJRA ILG GL JMFM APATDR KDSS AJS EMB AMP RBT. Analyzed the data: APA JGEF AMP RBT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AMP RBT SCW. Wrote the paper: APA JGEF SCW AMP.