Advertisement
Research Article

Chitinase 3-Like 1 Protein Levels Are Elevated in Schistosoma haematobium Infected Children

  • Laura J. Appleby mail,

    l.j.appleby@sms.ed.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Institute for Immunology & Infection Research, Centre for Immunity, Infection & Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    X
  • Norman Nausch,

    Affiliation: Institute for Immunology & Infection Research, Centre for Immunity, Infection & Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    X
  • Claire D. Bourke,

    Affiliation: Institute for Immunology & Infection Research, Centre for Immunity, Infection & Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    Current address: Centre for Immunology and Infection, University of York, York, United Kingdom

    X
  • Nadine Rujeni,

    Affiliation: Institute for Immunology & Infection Research, Centre for Immunity, Infection & Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    X
  • Nicholas Midzi,

    Affiliation: National Institutes of Health Research, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe

    Current address: Research, Council of Zimbabwe, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe

    X
  • Takafira Mduluza,

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, University of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe

    X
  • Judith E. Allen,

    Affiliation: Institute for Immunology & Infection Research, Centre for Immunity, Infection & Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    X
  • Francisca Mutapi

    Affiliation: Institute for Immunology & Infection Research, Centre for Immunity, Infection & Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    X
  • Published: November 08, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001898

About the Authors

Laura J. Appleby, Norman Nausch, Claire D. Bourke, Nadine Rujeni, Judith E. Allen, Francisca Mutapi
Institute for Immunology & Infection Research, Centre for Immunity, Infection & Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Nicholas Midzi
National Institutes of Health Research, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
Takafira Mduluza
Department of Biochemistry, University of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe

Corresponding Author

Email: l.j.appleby@sms.ed.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FM LJA TM NM. Performed the experiments: CDB FM LJA NM NN NR TM. Analyzed the data: FM LJA. Wrote the paper: FM LJA JEA. Designed the study: FM TM NM. Contributed to fieldwork: LJA NN NR CDB TM NM FM. Contributed to final version of the manuscript: LJA NN NR CDB TM NM FM JEA.