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Research Article

Urban Cholera Transmission Hotspots and Their Implications for Reactive Vaccination: Evidence from Bissau City, Guinea Bissau

  • Andrew S. Azman,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Francisco J. Luquero,

    Affiliation: Epicentre, Paris, France

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  • Amabelia Rodrigues,

    Affiliation: National Public Health, Ministry of Health, Bissau City, Guinea-Bissau

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  • Pedro Pablo Palma,

    Affiliation: Médicos Sin Fronteras, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Rebecca F. Grais,

    Affiliation: Epicentre, Paris, France

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  • Cunhate Na Banga,

    Affiliation: National Public Health, Ministry of Health, Bissau City, Guinea-Bissau

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  • Bryan T. Grenfell,

    Affiliations: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Justin Lessler mail

    jlessler@jhsph.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Published: November 08, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001901

About the Authors

Andrew S. Azman, Justin Lessler
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
Francisco J. Luquero, Rebecca F. Grais
Epicentre, Paris, France
Amabelia Rodrigues, Cunhate Na Banga
National Public Health, Ministry of Health, Bissau City, Guinea-Bissau
Pedro Pablo Palma
Médicos Sin Fronteras, Barcelona, Spain
Bryan T. Grenfell
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
Bryan T. Grenfell
Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: jlessler@jhsph.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AA FJL RFG BTG JL. Performed the experiments: FJL AR PPP RFG CNB. Analyzed the data: AA FJL BTG JL. Wrote the paper: AA FJL AR PPP RFG CNB BTG JL.