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Research Article

Population Genetic Structuring in Opisthorchis viverrini over Various Spatial Scales in Thailand and Lao PDR

  • Nonglak Laoprom,

    Affiliations: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand, Liver Fluke and Cholangiocarcinoma Research Center (LFCRC), Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

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  • Paiboon Sithithaworn mail,

    paib_sit@hotmail.com

    Affiliations: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand, Liver Fluke and Cholangiocarcinoma Research Center (LFCRC), Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

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  • Ross H. Andrews,

    Affiliations: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial Collage London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Katsuhiko Ando,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Zoology, School of Medicine, Mie University, Tsu, Japan

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  • Thewarach Laha,

    Affiliation: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

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  • Sirawut Klinbunga,

    Affiliation: National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Pathumthani, Thailand

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  • Joanne P. Webster,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial Collage London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Trevor N. Petney

    Affiliation: Institute of Zoology 1: Ecology and Parasitology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

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  • Published: November 15, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001906

About the Authors

Nonglak Laoprom, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Ross H. Andrews, Thewarach Laha
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
Nonglak Laoprom, Paiboon Sithithaworn
Liver Fluke and Cholangiocarcinoma Research Center (LFCRC), Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
Ross H. Andrews
Faculty of Medicine, Imperial Collage London, London, United Kingdom
Katsuhiko Ando
Department of Medical Zoology, School of Medicine, Mie University, Tsu, Japan
Sirawut Klinbunga
National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Pathumthani, Thailand
Joanne P. Webster
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial Collage London, London, United Kingdom
Trevor N. Petney
Institute of Zoology 1: Ecology and Parasitology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: paib_sit@hotmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PS RHA TL. Performed the experiments: NL. Analyzed the data: NL PS RHA JPW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KA SK. Wrote the paper: NL PS RHA JPW TNP.