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Research Article

Transcriptional Profiling of the Bladder in Urogenital Schistosomiasis Reveals Pathways of Inflammatory Fibrosis and Urothelial Compromise

  • Debalina Ray,

    Affiliations: Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, Department of Pathology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Tyrrell A. Nelson,

    Affiliations: Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, Department of Pathology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Chi-Ling Fu,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Shailja Patel,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Diana N. Gong,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Justin I. Odegaard,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Michael H. Hsieh mail

    mhhsieh@stanford.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

    X
  • Published: November 29, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001912

About the Authors

Debalina Ray, Tyrrell A. Nelson, Chi-Ling Fu, Shailja Patel, Diana N. Gong, Michael H. Hsieh
Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America
Debalina Ray, Tyrrell A. Nelson
Department of Pathology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Justin I. Odegaard
Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: mhhsieh@stanford.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DR TAN CF MHH. Performed the experiments: DR TAN CF SP. Analyzed the data: DR TAN CF SP DNG JIO MHH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DR TAN CF SP DNG JIO MHH. Wrote the paper: DR TAN CF SP DNG MHH.