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Research Article

Human African Trypanosomiasis Diagnosis in First-Line Health Services of Endemic Countries, a Systematic Review

  • Patrick Mitashi,

    Affiliations: Department of Tropical Medicine, Parasitology Service, Faculty of Medicine, Kinshasa University, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Department of Public Health, Group Epidemiology and Disease Control, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerpen, Belgium

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  • Epco Hasker,

    Affiliation: Department of Public Health, Group Epidemiology and Disease Control, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerpen, Belgium

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  • Veerle Lejon,

    Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerpen, Belgium

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  • Victor Kande,

    Affiliation: Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine, Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

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  • Jean-Jacques Muyembe,

    Affiliation: Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Avenue de la Démocratie, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

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  • Pascal Lutumba,

    Affiliations: Department of Tropical Medicine, Parasitology Service, Faculty of Medicine, Kinshasa University, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Avenue de la Démocratie, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

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  • Marleen Boelaert mail

    mboelaert@itg.be

    Affiliation: Department of Public Health, Group Epidemiology and Disease Control, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerpen, Belgium

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  • Published: November 29, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001919

About the Authors

Patrick Mitashi, Pascal Lutumba
Department of Tropical Medicine, Parasitology Service, Faculty of Medicine, Kinshasa University, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
Patrick Mitashi, Epco Hasker, Marleen Boelaert
Department of Public Health, Group Epidemiology and Disease Control, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerpen, Belgium
Veerle Lejon
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerpen, Belgium
Victor Kande
Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine, Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
Jean-Jacques Muyembe, Pascal Lutumba
Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Avenue de la Démocratie, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Corresponding Author

Email: mboelaert@itg.be

Competing Interests

MB, VL and EH are employees of the Institute of Tropical Medicine, which is the producer of the CATT test.

Author Contributions

Analyzed the data: PM EH VL MB. Wrote the paper: PM EH VL VK JJM PL MB. Conceived and designed the research question and search strategy: PM EH PL VL MB. Performed the literature search: PM EH.