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Research Article

The Urine Circulating Cathodic Antigen (CCA) Dipstick: A Valid Substitute for Microscopy for Mapping and Point-Of-Care Diagnosis of Intestinal Schistosomiasis

  • José Carlos Sousa-Figueiredo,

    Affiliations: Disease Control Strategy Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Martha Betson,

    Affiliation: Disease Control Strategy Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Narcis B. Kabatereine,

    Affiliation: Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda

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  • J. Russell Stothard mail

    r.stothard@liverpool.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Disease Control Strategy Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Published: January 24, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002008

About the Authors

José Carlos Sousa-Figueiredo, Martha Betson, J. Russell Stothard
Disease Control Strategy Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
José Carlos Sousa-Figueiredo
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Narcis B. Kabatereine
Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda

Corresponding Author

Email: r.stothard@liverpool.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JCSF NBK JRS. Performed the experiments: JCSF MB JRS. Analyzed the data: JCSF. Wrote the paper: JCSF MB NBK JRS.