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Research Article

Spatiotemporal Transmission and Determinants of Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fever in Hongta District, Yunnan Province, China

  • Jin-Feng Wang mail,

    wangjf@Lreis.ac.cn (JFW); zhangjing@chinacdc.cn (JZ)

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

    X
  • Yan Wang,

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

    X
  • Jing Zhang mail,

    wangjf@Lreis.ac.cn (JFW); zhangjing@chinacdc.cn (JZ)

    Affiliation: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China

    X
  • George Christakos,

    Affiliation: Department of Geography, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, United States of America, and College of Environment & Natural Resources, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

    X
  • Jun-Ling Sun,

    Affiliation: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China

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  • Xin Liu,

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

    X
  • Lin Lu,

    Affiliation: Yunnan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Kunming, Yunnan, China

    X
  • Xiao-Qing Fu,

    Affiliation: Yunnan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Kunming, Yunnan, China

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  • Yu-Qiong Shi,

    Affiliation: Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Hongta District, Yuxi, Yunnan, China

    X
  • Xue-Mei Li

    Affiliation: Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Hongta District, Yuxi, Yunnan, China

    X
  • Published: March 14, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002112

About the Authors

Jin-Feng Wang, Yan Wang, Xin Liu
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Jing Zhang, Jun-Ling Sun
Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
George Christakos
Department of Geography, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, United States of America, and College of Environment & Natural Resources, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
Lin Lu, Xiao-Qing Fu
Yunnan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Kunming, Yunnan, China
Yu-Qiong Shi, Xue-Mei Li
Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Hongta District, Yuxi, Yunnan, China

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JFW JZ. Performed the experiments: JZ JLS XL LL XQF YQS XML. Analyzed the data: JFW YW JZ JLS XL LL XQF YQS XML. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GC JZ. Wrote the paper: JFW YW.