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Research Article

Molecular Epidemiology Reveals Genetic Diversity amongst Isolates of the Cryptococcus neoformans/C. gattii Species Complex in Thailand

  • Sirada Kaocharoen,

    Affiliations: Mycology Laboratory, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, Molecular Mycology Research Laboratory, CIDM, Sydney Medical School - Westmead Hospital, The University of Sydney, Westmead Millennium Institute, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Popchai Ngamskulrungroj,

    Affiliations: Molecular Mycology Research Laboratory, CIDM, Sydney Medical School - Westmead Hospital, The University of Sydney, Westmead Millennium Institute, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

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  • Carolina Firacative,

    Affiliations: Molecular Mycology Research Laboratory, CIDM, Sydney Medical School - Westmead Hospital, The University of Sydney, Westmead Millennium Institute, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia, Grupo de Microbiología, Instituto Nacional de Salud, Bogotá, Colombia

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  • Luciana Trilles,

    Affiliations: Molecular Mycology Research Laboratory, CIDM, Sydney Medical School - Westmead Hospital, The University of Sydney, Westmead Millennium Institute, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia, Laboratório de Micologia, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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  • Dumrongdej Piyabongkarn,

    Affiliation: Mycology Laboratory, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

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  • Wijit Banlunara,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

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  • Natteewan Poonwan,

    Affiliation: Mycology Laboratory, National Institute of Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand

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  • Angkana Chaiprasert,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

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  • Wieland Meyer,

    Affiliation: Molecular Mycology Research Laboratory, CIDM, Sydney Medical School - Westmead Hospital, The University of Sydney, Westmead Millennium Institute, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Ariya Chindamporn mail

    cariya@chula.ac.th

    Affiliation: Mycology Laboratory, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

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  • Published: July 04, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002297

About the Authors

Sirada Kaocharoen, Dumrongdej Piyabongkarn, Ariya Chindamporn
Mycology Laboratory, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Sirada Kaocharoen, Popchai Ngamskulrungroj, Carolina Firacative, Luciana Trilles, Wieland Meyer
Molecular Mycology Research Laboratory, CIDM, Sydney Medical School - Westmead Hospital, The University of Sydney, Westmead Millennium Institute, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia
Popchai Ngamskulrungroj, Angkana Chaiprasert
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Carolina Firacative
Grupo de Microbiología, Instituto Nacional de Salud, Bogotá, Colombia
Luciana Trilles
Laboratório de Micologia, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Wijit Banlunara
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Natteewan Poonwan
Mycology Laboratory, National Institute of Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand

Corresponding Author

Email: cariya@chula.ac.th

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: S. Kaocharoen, P. Ngamskulrungroj, A. Chindamporn, W. Meyer. Performed the experiments: S. Kaocharoen, P. Ngamskulrungroj, D. Piyabongkarn. Analyzed the data: S. Kaocharoen, P. Ngamskulrungroj, C. Firacative, L. Trilles, W. Meyer. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: A. Chindamporn, A. Chaiprasert, W. Meyer, P. Ngamskulrungroj, N. Poonwan. Wrote the paper: S. Kaocharoen, P. Ngamskulrungroj, C. Firacative, A. Chindamporn, W. Meyer. Supplied strains: P. Ngamskulrungroj, D. Piyabongkarn, W. Banlunara, N. Poonwan, A. Chindamporn, A. Chaiprasert, W. Meyer.