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Research Article

Etiology of Severe Non-malaria Febrile Illness in Northern Tanzania: A Prospective Cohort Study

  • John A. Crump mail,

    john.crump@duke.edu

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Moshi, Tanzania, Centre for International Health, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

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  • Anne B. Morrissey,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • William L. Nicholson,

    Affiliation: Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Robert F. Massung,

    Affiliation: Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Robyn A. Stoddard,

    Affiliation: Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Renee L. Galloway,

    Affiliation: Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Eng Eong Ooi,

    Affiliation: Emerging Infectious Diseases Signature Research Program, Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore

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  • Venance P. Maro,

    Affiliations: Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Moshi, Tanzania

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  • Wilbrod Saganda,

    Affiliation: Mawenzi Regional Hospital, Moshi, Tanzania

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  • Grace D. Kinabo,

    Affiliations: Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Moshi, Tanzania

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  • Charles Muiruri,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • John A. Bartlett

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Moshi, Tanzania

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  • Published: July 18, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002324

About the Authors

John A. Crump, Anne B. Morrissey, Charles Muiruri, John A. Bartlett
Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
John A. Crump
Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
John A. Crump, Charles Muiruri, John A. Bartlett
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
John A. Crump, Venance P. Maro, Grace D. Kinabo, John A. Bartlett
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania
John A. Crump, Venance P. Maro, Grace D. Kinabo, John A. Bartlett
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Moshi, Tanzania
John A. Crump
Centre for International Health, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
William L. Nicholson, Robert F. Massung
Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Robyn A. Stoddard, Renee L. Galloway
Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Eng Eong Ooi
Emerging Infectious Diseases Signature Research Program, Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore
Wilbrod Saganda
Mawenzi Regional Hospital, Moshi, Tanzania

Corresponding Author

Email: john.crump@duke.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JAC JAB. Performed the experiments: JAC ABM WLN RFM RAS RLG EEO VPM WS GDK JAB. Analyzed the data: JAC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: WLN RFM RAS RLG EEO. Wrote the paper: JAC ABM WLN RFM RAS RLG EEO VPM WS GDK CM JAB. Managed the research program: CM. Sought and obtained funding: JAB.