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Research Article

The Schistosome Oesophageal Gland: Initiator of Blood Processing

  • Xiao-Hong Li mail,

    li.xiaohong@york.ac.uk

    Affiliations: National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Parasitology and Vector Biology, Ministry of Health, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, Centre for Immunology and Infection, Department of Biology, University of York, York, United Kingdom

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  • William de Castro-Borges,

    Affiliation: Laboratório de Enzimologia e Proteômica, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Biológicas – ICEB, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas – DECBI, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brasil

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  • Sophie Parker-Manuel,

    Affiliation: Centre for Immunology and Infection, Department of Biology, University of York, York, United Kingdom

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  • Gillian M. Vance,

    Affiliation: Centre for Immunology and Infection, Department of Biology, University of York, York, United Kingdom

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  • Ricardo DeMarco,

    Affiliation: Departamento de Física e Informática, Instituto de Física de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo, São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil

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  • Leandro X. Neves,

    Affiliation: Laboratório de Enzimologia e Proteômica, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Biológicas – ICEB, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas – DECBI, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brasil

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  • Gareth J. O. Evans,

    Affiliation: Centre for Immunology and Infection, Department of Biology, University of York, York, United Kingdom

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  • R. Alan Wilson

    Affiliation: Centre for Immunology and Infection, Department of Biology, University of York, York, United Kingdom

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  • Published: July 25, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002337

About the Authors

Xiao-Hong Li
National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Parasitology and Vector Biology, Ministry of Health, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
Xiao-Hong Li, Sophie Parker-Manuel, Gillian M. Vance, Gareth J. O. Evans, R. Alan Wilson
Centre for Immunology and Infection, Department of Biology, University of York, York, United Kingdom
William de Castro-Borges, Leandro X. Neves
Laboratório de Enzimologia e Proteômica, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Biológicas – ICEB, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas – DECBI, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Ricardo DeMarco
Departamento de Física e Informática, Instituto de Física de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo, São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil

Corresponding Author

Email: li.xiaohong@york.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: XHL WdCB RD RAW. Performed the experiments: XHL WdCB SPM GMV RD LXN GJOE RAW. Analyzed the data: XHL RAW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: XHL RD. Wrote the paper: XHL RAW.