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Research Article

Presence of Virus Neutralizing Antibodies in Cerebral Spinal Fluid Correlates with Non-Lethal Rabies in Dogs

  • Clement W. Gnanadurai equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Clement W. Gnanadurai, Ming Zhou, Wenqi He

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Ming Zhou equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Clement W. Gnanadurai, Ming Zhou, Wenqi He

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Wenqi He equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Clement W. Gnanadurai, Ming Zhou, Wenqi He

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Christina M. Leyson,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Chien-tsun Huang,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Gregory Salyards,

    Affiliations: Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America, Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Stephen B. Harvey,

    Affiliation: Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Zhenhai Chen,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Biao He,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Yang Yang,

    Affiliations: Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America, State-key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China

    X
  • D. C. Hooper,

    Affiliation: Departments of Cancer Biology and Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Berhnard Dietzchold,

    Affiliation: Departments of Cancer Biology and Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Zhen F. Fu mail

    zhenfu@uga.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America, State-key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China

    X
  • Published: September 19, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002375

About the Authors

Clement W. Gnanadurai, Ming Zhou, Wenqi He, Christina M. Leyson, Chien-tsun Huang, Gregory Salyards, Yang Yang, Zhen F. Fu
Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
Gregory Salyards, Stephen B. Harvey
Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
Zhenhai Chen, Biao He
Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
Yang Yang, Zhen F. Fu
State-key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
D. C. Hooper, Berhnard Dietzchold
Departments of Cancer Biology and Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: zhenfu@uga.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ZFF BH. Performed the experiments: CWG MZ WH CML CH GS SBH ZC YY. Analyzed the data: ZFF CWG MZ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DCH BD. Wrote the paper: CWG DCH BD ZFF.