Advertisement
Research Article

Evidence of Local Persistence of Human Anthrax in the Country of Georgia Associated with Environmental and Anthropogenic Factors

  • Ian T. Kracalik,

    Affiliations: Spatial Epidemiology and Ecology Research Lab, Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America, Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

    X
  • Lile Malania,

    Affiliation: National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Nikoloz Tsertsvadze,

    Affiliation: National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Julietta Manvelyan,

    Affiliation: National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Lela Bakanidze,

    Affiliation: Agrarian University of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Paata Imnadze,

    Affiliation: National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Shota Tsanava,

    Affiliation: National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia

    X
  • Jason K. Blackburn mail

    jkblackburn@ufl.edu

    Affiliations: Spatial Epidemiology and Ecology Research Lab, Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America, Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

    X
  • Published: September 05, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002388

About the Authors

Ian T. Kracalik, Jason K. Blackburn
Spatial Epidemiology and Ecology Research Lab, Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
Ian T. Kracalik, Jason K. Blackburn
Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
Lile Malania, Nikoloz Tsertsvadze, Julietta Manvelyan, Paata Imnadze, Shota Tsanava
National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia
Lela Bakanidze
Agrarian University of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia

Corresponding Author

Email: jkblackburn@ufl.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ITK JKB. Performed the experiments: ITK JKB. Analyzed the data: ITK LM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LM NT JM LB PI ST. Wrote the paper: ITK JKB LM. Contributed and reviewed the manuscript and approved the final draft: ITK LM NT JM LB PI ST JKB.