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Research Article

Hookworm Infection and Environmental Factors in Mbeya Region, Tanzania: A Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Study

  • Helene Riess,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, Institute for Medical Bioinformatics, Biometry, and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany

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  • Petra Clowes,

    Affiliation: NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Center, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Inge Kroidl,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Center, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Dickens O. Kowuor,

    Affiliation: NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Center, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Anthony Nsojo,

    Affiliation: NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Center, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Chacha Mangu,

    Affiliation: NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Center, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Steffen A. Schüle,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, Institute for Medical Bioinformatics, Biometry, and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany

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  • Ulrich Mansmann,

    Affiliation: Institute for Medical Bioinformatics, Biometry, and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany

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  • Christof Geldmacher,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Munich, Munich, Germany

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  • Seif Mhina,

    Affiliation: Mbeya Regional Medical Office, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Leonard Maboko,

    Affiliation: NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Center, Mbeya, Tanzania

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  • Michael Hoelscher,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Center, Mbeya, Tanzania, German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Munich, Munich, Germany

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  • Elmar Saathoff mail

    saathoff@lrz.uni-muenchen.de

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany, German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Munich, Munich, Germany

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  • Published: September 05, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002408

About the Authors

Helene Riess, Inge Kroidl, Steffen A. Schüle, Christof Geldmacher, Michael Hoelscher, Elmar Saathoff
Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Medical Center of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Helene Riess, Steffen A. Schüle, Ulrich Mansmann
Institute for Medical Bioinformatics, Biometry, and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany
Petra Clowes, Inge Kroidl, Dickens O. Kowuor, Anthony Nsojo, Chacha Mangu, Leonard Maboko, Michael Hoelscher
NIMR-Mbeya Medical Research Center, Mbeya, Tanzania
Christof Geldmacher, Michael Hoelscher, Elmar Saathoff
German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Munich, Munich, Germany
Seif Mhina
Mbeya Regional Medical Office, Mbeya, Tanzania

Corresponding Author

Email: saathoff@lrz.uni-muenchen.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MH LM ES. Performed the experiments: PC IK AN CM SM LM CG ES. Analyzed the data: HR ES SAS UM. Wrote the paper: HR ES. Acquired funding: MH LM SM. Acquired and managed the data: DOK ES. Critically revised the manuscript and approved the final version: HR PC IK DOK AN CM SAS UM CG SM LM MH ES.