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Research Article

Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Subtype C Molecular Variants among Indigenous Australians: New Insights into the Molecular Epidemiology of HTLV-1 in Australo-Melanesia

  • Olivier Cassar equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Olivier Cassar, Lloyd Einsiedel

    Affiliations: Institut Pasteur, Unité d’Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Département de Virologie, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR 3569, Paris, France

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  • Lloyd Einsiedel equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Olivier Cassar, Lloyd Einsiedel

    Affiliation: Flinders University/Northern Territory Rural Clinical School, Alice Springs Hospital, Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia

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  • Philippe V. Afonso,

    Affiliations: Institut Pasteur, Unité d’Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Département de Virologie, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR 3569, Paris, France

    X
  • Antoine Gessain mail

    antoine.gessain@pasteur.fr

    Affiliations: Institut Pasteur, Unité d’Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Département de Virologie, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR 3569, Paris, France

    X
  • Published: September 26, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002418

About the Authors

Olivier Cassar, Philippe V. Afonso, Antoine Gessain
Institut Pasteur, Unité d’Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Département de Virologie, Paris, France
Olivier Cassar, Philippe V. Afonso, Antoine Gessain
CNRS, UMR 3569, Paris, France
Lloyd Einsiedel
Flinders University/Northern Territory Rural Clinical School, Alice Springs Hospital, Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: antoine.gessain@pasteur.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: OC LE AG. Performed the experiments: OC PVA. Analyzed the data: OC AG LE PVA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LE OC PVA. Wrote the paper: OC AG LE PVA.